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  • Summary of The 22 Immutable Laws of Marketing

    The book focuses on the fundamentals of marketing and how to avoid breaking the law. Each marketing law offered in the book is supplemented with clear and actual examples from the history of well-known brands (such as IBM, Coca-Cola, Xerox, Starbucks, and so on) vs examples from firms that no longer exist on the market. As stated by the authors, Al Ries and Jack Trout, certain firms have advanced and grown in popularity, expanded their business lines, or simply improved their sales for a given range because their management found and followed the marketing rules described in the book. Photo by Pedro Durigan on Unsplash 1: The Law of Leadership Better than having a superior product to the competitors is being the first in a market. People remember the first man on the moon and the first aviator, but no one recalls the second. Example: Tesla, is the first electric car company to offer a long-range on its electric cars. 2: The Law of Category If your category already has a first, you should try to create a new category in which you may be first. Amelia Earheart, for example, was the third person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. However, she is not well-known for this. She is well known for being the first woman to do this endeavor. As a result, by inventing your own category, you may become renowned and profitable. Note: Law of Category is similar to the Blue Ocean Strategy concept. 3: The Law of the Mind When a consumer has made up their mind, it is impossible to change their opinion. As a result, the authors advise you to avoid wasting marketing dollars attempting to persuade individuals to change their beliefs. Furthermore, you should strive to be the first thought of your consumers. Being first in the marketplace is only crucial because it boosts your chances of being first in the thoughts of your clients. This is due to the fact that marketing is a fight for perception rather than goods. 4: The Law of Perception According to the authors, there is no objective fact in the marketplace. As a result, all that exists in the realm of marketing are perceptions in your consumers' minds. Your marketing should exist only to manipulate these perceptions. You can overcome your flawed marketing instincts only by researching how perceptions are generated and concentrating your marketing campaigns on those preconceptions. 5: The Law of Focus Owning a word in the consumer's mind is the most powerful thing in marketing. Having a defined context means that when people hear this term, they will associate it with the brand that owns the word. Example: Gillette is synonymous with shaving blades and Google is synonymous with an internet search. 6: The Law of Exclusivity According to this law, two firms cannot own the same word in the minds of prospects. As a result, the authors advise against spending money to acquire a word that someone else already has. Burger King attempted to own the term "quick," but it was already owned by McDonald's, thus they failed and lost millions. If you try to steal your competitor's term or word, your marketing efforts end in strengthening your competitor's position. 7: The Law of the Ladder Consider the market to be a ladder within the consumer's mind. Your marketing strategy is determined by where you are on the market ladder. An effective strategy balances your present position with sensible investments. Avis, the American corporation, was the number two in the rental market for cars, and as advertised with the phrase "the best in car rentals," they were losing money because customers did not trust the marketing. They have increased their revenues after taking second place and adopting the tagline "We try harder." 8: The Law of Duality Over time, every market descends into a two-horse race. Consider McDonald's & Burger King and Nike & Adidas. There will always be two brands competing for a category win. Companies that do not already dominate their industry should aspire to become number two if they want to be successful in the long term. 9: The Law of the Opposite If you are fighting for second place, the leader determines your strategy. Your company should leverage the leading company’s strengths into weaknesses. If Coca-Cola is a firm for the masses, Pepsi chooses to be "the choice of the new generation." In this approach, you divert the focus of your competition; after all, most consumers choose "the old trusted brand" over "the new brand that has debuted." 10: The Law of the Division Your market segment will not remain isolated. Instead, your category will split into two or more categories over time. Each segment will have its own leader, and it is uncommon for the original category leader to also be the leader of the sub-categories. Cars began as a single category, and today there are sports automobiles, luxury cars, utility vehicles, and so on. Leading brands sustain their dominance by launching new brands into new areas. When Honda attempted to enter the premium market, it established a new brand, Acura. 11: The Law of Perspective Marketing results may only be realized over time. It is a mistake to forsake long-term planning in order to improve short-term results. Raising sales in the near term through the use of rebates can be beneficial to the company financially, but it teaches customers to buy only when there are offers, which diminishes earnings in the long run. 12: The Law of Line Extension Companies frequently succumb to the urge to extend a successful brand into unrelated areas. When this happens, the firm loses focus and fails because it tries to be everything to everyone rather than focusing on what it knows how to accomplish. More is less in marketing. The more the number of goods a firm has, the lower the earnings for each one. Conversely, less is more. The narrower the niche a company wishes to inhabit, the stronger its presence in the minds of customers inside that particular region. 13: The Law of Sacrifice To obtain something, you must first give something up. This is a different approach than line extension. The authors advocate for three sacrifices: the product line, target market, and ongoing change. You will be successful if you reduce rather than expand your product line. 14: The Law of Attributes Each marketing attribute employed by one organization has an opposite attribute that the other may successfully exploit. The justification for this strategy is self-evident. It is difficult to succeed by replacing market leaders; thus, you should concentrate on addressing any section of the market that the leader overlooks. There will always be adequate room in this area. 15: The Law of Candor If you admit a mistake in your marketing, customers will accept it favorably. That works because it is unexpected and opens the audience up to your message. Smart businesses accept marketing shortcomings and then transform them into opportunities. The authors use Listerine as an example to demonstrate this argument. This firm used to promote with the phrase, 'The flavor you detest twice a day.' This negative was then converted into a positive by selling the belief that Listerine fights germs. 16: The Law of Singularity In each scenario, only one action will have significant consequences. Despite this, many marketers feel they should employ many strategies and hope one of them succeeds. Trying harder, on the other hand, is not the secret to success. A single, bold stroke is all that is required for successful marketing. If you understand your market, you will know what daring move is necessary to have a substantial influence on it. 17: The Law of Unpredictability It is difficult to predict the competition's plans, and their reactions can never be predicted. Examine broad trends, but avoid jumping to conclusions or exaggerating the facts. You should also avoid betting on the future being a repeat of the past. Simply plan for what to do if anything unexpected occurs, and keep your plans flexible to adapt to market conditions. 18: The Law of Success Ego is the enemy of effective marketing. Subjectivity and an emphasis on judgment rather than the market are related to success. Success is a necessary prerequisite for line expansion. Companies may mistakenly believe that their present success may be expanded into multiple other industries. 19: The Law of Failure Failure must be anticipated and embraced. Recognizing your shortcomings early allows you to minimize your losses. Most of the time, it is best to cut your losses early rather than wasting time and money attempting to mend matters. 20: The Law of Hype The reality of any marketing strategy is sometimes diametrically opposed to what is presented in the news. When revenues are down, corporations conduct interviews and claim that everything is fine. Companies are silent when they are strong. Pay attention to the minor hidden aspects of what is going on in the market rather than believing stories published by press services. There is a significant distinction between gaining public notice and altering the market. 21: The Law of Acceleration Successful marketing strategies follow trends rather than fads. Fads are temporary events, whereas trends are long-term shifts. When a corporation moves too quickly and begins to deal with fads, it fails. 22: The Law of Resources Without the necessary resources, good ideas do not take off. Even the greatest professionals in the world will fall short if they lack the means to reach out to the client. You must invest money to get there, and much more money to repair your image in the eyes of consumers. If you liked the content, subscribe to ScroogeMarketer for more.

  • Build a culture of innovation with Innovation Hotspots

    Professor Lynda Gratton created Innovation Hotspots to encourage people to innovate when the conditions are right. There are four areas in which encouragement is needed: Photo by Kindel Media from Pexels 1) Cooperative mindset In order for a company to maintain a cooperative mindset, it must adopt practices, processes, behaviors, and norms - and the behavior of its top management is crucial. In order to share tacit and explicit knowledge, people must want to do so. There are several important elements to consider: When choosing staff, consider relationships Relationships should be emphasized in inductions Mentoring is essential Reward collectively rather than individually Ensure peer-to-peer collaboration is facilitated Become socially responsible 2) Boundary spanning In order to do this, you need to look beyond your immediate boundaries - see the bigger picture. This involves: The inability to be deterred by distance Embracing a wide range of perspectives, experiences, and ideas Exploring issues together and being willing to do so Creating bridges between people and building networks Different levels of cooperation (e.g., building trust quickly with strong ties; generating ideas through weak ties) Instead of just pushing a point of view, listen and reflect in conversations 3) Developing a sense of purpose Make sure your questions are challenging (or 'igniting'). There is no 'right' answer to these; they invite exploration of possibilities. They inspire and engage people and lead to a new vision that provides purpose and energy. 4) Productive capacity Building productive capacity is essential for ensuring that a hotspot fulfills its maximum potential. Recognizing and respecting others' abilities Capturing the creative energy generated by problem-solving and decision-making Synchronizing time, especially when several time zones must be handled or varied attitudes to time exist Ensuring the pressure is not too high, causing people to burn out, or too low, causing them to lose interest Acquiring participants' practical, public, and explicit commitment For more content, subscribe to ScroogeMarketer.

  • Michael Porter's Generic Competitive Strategies

    According to Porter, a company can create a competitive advantage over its competitors in its chosen market through the use of generic competitive strategies. Focus, differentiation, and cost leadership are three generic strategies. Photo by Julia Larson on Pexels Overview There are two ways for a company to gain a competitive advantage: either by lowering costs or differentiating itself on dimensions valued by customers. Furthermore, companies can choose either a focused (segment-based) or industry-wide scope to offer their products across a wide range of market segments. Choices concerning both the type and scope of competitive advantage are reflected in the generic strategy. Originally described in 1980 by Michael Porter, it has been widely adopted ever since. Cost leadership By reducing costs, the company can offer competitive prices and profit margins while also campaigning for discounts or launching an aggressive pricing war to eliminate the competition. Cost reductions can also open up new markets that were previously unable to sustain higher prices. In addition to providing flexibility, lowering costs also reduces the likelihood that you will be forced to raise prices if suppliers raise prices unexpectedly and suddenly. It is possible for other companies to copy your methods, eroding any advantage you may have, and if you fail to invest in research and development, your products will appear dated and inefficient compared with those of competitors with the newest technology. Differentiation Differentiating your products for different segments sets you apart from the competition. By enhancing product desirability, strengthening your brand, promoting customer loyalty, creating a competitive advantage, and enabling higher prices, you can achieve higher returns. It is possible to differentiate your products from those of your competitors, but you can also differentiate your own products from one another in order to target different markets and customer groups. There are risks involved, such as increased costs and waste, as well as the potential for more complex operations. Focus Focus involves both cost leadership and differentiation, but focuses on gaining a greater share of a certain market segment. By focusing on too few factors, on a less lucrative or unstable market, and overly focusing on the short term, there is a risk of obtaining a narrow view. For more informative posts, subscribe to ScroogeMarkter.

  • 6 Ps of Strategic Thinking

    There are many overused words in business, but the strategy is just a way to get from where you are now to where you want to be. In the process of developing, implementing, monitoring, and reviewing your strategy, you can use the Six Ps framework to guide your thinking. Image Source: Photo by Moose Photos on Pexels Overview Developing a successful business strategy involves all parts of the organization working together. As a result, sometimes the best-laid plans fail to achieve their potential due to oversights or failures to thoroughly explore an issue. As outlined in the Six Ps, every aspect of a business is interconnected, and deficiencies in one part can affect other parts. A Six Ps framework will help keep the strategy focused on the most important issues, along with understanding what is happening, thinking creatively, developing solutions, monitoring progress, and thinking strategically. In strategic thinking, there are six P's, as follows: Plan, Ploy, Pattern, Position, Perspective, and Process. 1. PLAN Create a plan that gets you to where you want to go. 2. PLOY Identify the tactics that will work best for you when dealing with competitors or others in your own company. 3. PATTERN To identify potential customers and markets, for example, assess the patterns of behavior that are apparent. 4. POSITION Make sure you know where your company fits in the market compared to your competitors. 5. PERSPECTIVE Evaluate the company's current character and how it could be improved to better match its strategic goals. 6. PROCESS (a program of activities) Establish a program of activities to achieve your goals, monitor them, and improve them.

  • What is the Product Life Cycle and Why marketers should use it

    Throughout a product's life cycle, from development and launch to peak performance and eventually decline, its life cycle determines the strategy needed to ensure the long-term profitability and competitiveness of the product. Photo by Boxed Water Is Better on Unsplash Each stage's duration is determined by the product and the market, although it is not an exact science. A technology product, for example, has a shorter life cycle than others. With such short life cycles, it is imperative to maximize returns as quickly as possible and to develop the next product constantly. Despite the fact that long-lasting branded products undergo many life cycles, their brand name remains constant. Such brands, however, still require management of their life cycles - planning future improvements as well as managing replacements. There are five stages in the product life cycle: Product development - includes new products and changes or improvements to existing products Introduction - costs are high compared to revenues at this stage Growth - Revenue growth along with cost reductions Maturity - growth slows down and competition increases Decline - reduction in sales due to increased competition or changing preferences of customers The following describes tactics appropriate to each stage of PLC: Stage 1: Development The development process can be expensive, and delays can occur unexpectedly, so cash flow is crucial. In order to develop the best products with fewer glitches, research what customers are looking for and test prototypes with potential customers. This will help you build a ready-made pool of customers. As a result, product development is a continuous process, meant to ensure that existing products are replaced with new ones as soon as possible. Stage 2: Introduction It is crucial to get the launch right. It may be useful at this stage to target early adopters based on the nature of the product in order to raise product awareness quickly. Fast market penetration can be achieved via aggressive pricing - although this will depend on the characteristics of the brand. By limiting the product's availability, you could also minimize distribution costs. Stage 3: Growth In the face of increased rivalry, but with significant potential revenue and reducing unit costs, the strategy must focus on outcompeting competitors, providing added value to consumers, and expanding market share. Additional special offers, marketing, and advertising campaigns, appealing prices, and brand promotion will reinforce your position. Stage 4: Maturity Given the surge of competitors, a company's strategic alternatives for increasing market share include product differentiation, entering new markets, luring competitors' clientele, waging a price war, and cutting costs to retain competitive pricing and profitability. At this point, it is critical to keep an eye on the financial condition and the practicality of the various possibilities. Stage 5: Decline With dropping revenues and margins, any plans or further expenditures should be carefully reviewed. Reducing the number of product variants and markets in which the product is accessible will cut expenses. Catering to your key consumers in order to maintain their loyalty might help increase revenues at this point. Product extensions and penetrating previously unexplored markets are two more ways to extend the life of a product.

  • Skimpflation: The New Economic Reality

    Skimpflation. It's a word quickly gaining traction as the new reality of the global economy. Skimpflation is when consumers are getting less for their money, and it is happening worldwide. In this blog post, we will explore skimpflation, why it is happening, and what it means for businesses and consumers. Photo by Skyler Smith on Unsplash Context In recent times, have you wondered: Why is it that there are considerably fewer rides for you to enjoy in Disneyland nowadays? Why is it taking so long for Dominos to fulfill my order? Why airlines have been canceled a lot lately. The reason for all of this is Skimpflation. Skimpflation is a direct consequence of the current global economic climate, one in which businesses are struggling to keep up with rising costs while consumers increasingly price sensitive. What it basically implies is a deterioration in the quality of services as businesses struggle to deal with a labor shortage and increasing material prices. Let's take a look at this using an example. Consider you own a restaurant. Costs are increasing, but customers aren't flocking to your establishment as they once did, especially after Covid. You may now shift part of these expenses to customers, however not all of them. What if staff pay increases or the laundromat charges an exorbitant fee to wash your tablecloths? It's tough to charge customers for these expenses. You may either cut the number of waiters to five instead of six or let go of the extra cook. And this affects your customers' experience in a negative way. Customers may have to wait longer for their meals or might struggle to order them in the first place. As a result, by cutting corners on quality, you're essentially providing customers with a substandard experience. This is precisely what skimpflation is. It may manifest in a variety of ways, such as the aviation company known for offering meals throughout the flight ceasing operations, or hotels slashing cleaning services or reducing their breakfast buffet options. Whatever the case, it is resulting in a large number of unhappy customers. Furthermore, skimpflation is almost impossible to track in the official figures. How are you going to measure customer service quality? It isn't that simple. Concluding thoughts Skimpflation is a real and pressing issue that businesses and consumers are facing all over the world. It manifests in different ways, but almost always results in an inferior customer experience. Unfortunately, it is difficult to track and measure skimpflation officially. This makes it tough for both businesses and customers to be aware of what's happening. However, with a little bit of research, it is possible to get an idea of how skimpflation is affecting businesses and consumers in your country. Skimpflation is a new economic reality that we all must learn to deal with. Have you experienced skimpflation? How has it affected you? Let us know in the comments below. Thanks for reading.

  • How Michelin Tyre Became The Most Trusted Authority in Restaurant Ratings

    Michelin is a company known around the world for its tyres, but it has also become the most trusted authority in restaurant ratings. This is because Michelin has been rating restaurants since 1926, and has developed a rigorous system that is respected by both chefs and diners alike. Michelin stars are a coveted award, with restaurants competing to receive as many as possible. In this blog post, we will explore how Michelin became the most trusted authority in restaurant ratings. Source: Statista Context Michelin's history with restaurants In 1889, 2 brothers in France started Michelin as a bicycle tyre maker. As automobiles began to grow more popular in the early 1900s, Michelin expanded into the tyre business. In 1900, there were only 3000 automobiles in France, since it was a new invention. To boost automobile demand and subsequently tyre sales, Michelin desired cars to be recognized as a viable means of everyday transportation. This goal dovetailed with Michelin's strategy of developing a comprehensive network of Michelin-branded services and products to support motorists. Included in this campaign was the Michelin Guide, which was originally created as a directory of restaurants and hotels for French drivers. The first Michelin Guide was published in 1900, with information on maps, mechanics, hotels, petrol stations, and restaurants in France. The guide became a success, with the first edition selling 35,000 copies. Customers now had more confidence in purchasing cars and traveling with them. Soon after, Michelin began releasing guides for different nations. In 1926, Michelin began ranking fine dining restaurants with stars. The Michelin star rating system is designed to award restaurants that serve high-quality dishes. Michelin stars are given out on a scale from one to three, with three being the highest rating a restaurant can receive. A Michelin star can be taken away from a restaurant at any time, and Michelin does not accept advertising or payments from restaurants in exchange for stars. Michelin's ratings are trusted because they are objective and consistent. Michelin uses anonymous inspectors who visit restaurants multiple times before rendering a verdict. These inspectors are not only experienced chefs, but they also have Michelin's comprehensive rating system to guide them. This system takes into account factors such as the quality of ingredients, the cooking techniques used, and the overall dining experience. The benefits of having a Michelin star Michelin stars are coveted by restaurants because they are seen as a symbol of excellence. A Michelin star can lead to increased business, as diners are willing to travel long distances and pay high prices for food that has been Michelin-rated. Michelin stars also confer prestige on a restaurant, which can attract new customers and talented chefs. Despite the fact that Michelin's tyre business is extremely profitable, the rating system has primarily been a brand-building device for it. The Michelin Guide is seen as a valuable service for drivers, and this positive reputation has been transferred to the Michelin star rating system. Concluding thoughts Michelin is a company known around the world for its tyres, but it has also become the most trusted authority in restaurant ratings. This is because Michelin has been rating restaurants since 1926, and has developed a rigorous system that is respected by both chefs and diners alike. Michelin stars are a coveted award, with restaurants competing to receive as many as possible. Michelin's reputation for excellence has been built over many years, and it shows no signs of slowing down.

  • Understanding Dosa Economics: Raghuram Rajan's Theory Explained

    If you're like most people, the word "economics" doesn't exactly make your mouth water. In fact, it can be pretty dry and boring. But this concept is far from dry and boring. Dosanomics is a term coined by Raghuram Rajan, the former RBI governor of India, to describe the effects of inflation on individual purchasing power. In other words, Dosanomics is all about how rising prices affect our everyday lives. Keep reading to learn more about this fascinating theory. Photo by Anil Sharma on Unsplash Context What Is Dosa Economics or Dosanomics? Dosa Economics is the only economic theory that makes us salivate when we talk about it. Unfortunately, the idea has very little to do with our desire to eat dosas right away. Rajan was governor of the Reserve Bank of India during a difficult time when interest rates were high but inflation was also significant. Despite his several unpopular measures, when looked at in the context of the economy as a whole, they were beneficial and helped to curb inflation. When inflation dropped to 5%, one of his decisions that got a lot of criticism was reducing interest rates on fixed deposits from 10% to 8%. Many individuals criticized the government's decision because fixed deposits (FDs) are still a popular investment choice in India. It's also the main source of income for many seniors, or the only source of income. When asked why he made such a choice, he responded that it was due to dosanomics. Dosa economics advocates that high-interest rates during high inflation do not profit investors as much as low-interest rates during sluggish inflation. The idea behind the theory is to describe how inflation affects a person's purchasing power. Let us look at this another way, using Raghuram Rajan's example. Take, for example, a retiree who only receives income from interest on fixed deposits (FD). If the interest rate offered by banks is 10% and inflation rates are both 10%, the senior citizen may save Rs. 1,00,000 over a ten-year period. At the end of ten years, he will earn an income of Rs. 10,000 if he invests Rs. 100,000 in an FD. Let's pretend that the senior citizen is from India and that he or she only enjoys having dosa and plans to eat it exclusively for that reason. In the example, masala-dosa is priced at Rs. 60. The senior citizen in this scenario will be able to purchase 1666 masala dosas right away since he has sufficient funds in hand after considering the interest earned on his fixed deposit. Let's suppose the senior citizen waits till the end of the year in which case he will receive Rs 110,000. However, with inflation, masala dosa costs would have risen to Rs 66, so the senior citizen may only purchase 1,666 dosas. Is there any advantage to the senior citizen as a result of this? Not if he is purchasing the same amount of dosas in a high-interest, high-inflation scenario. Dosa and Senior Citizens: when rates are lowered Let's assume the senior citizen can get 8% interest rates from banks and inflation is at 5%. Again, if the elderly person purchases masala dosas right away, he will receive 1666 dosas. But if he waits until the end of the year, his total will be Rs. 108,000 while the masala dosa will cost. He will now be able to purchase 1714 masala dosas at the end of the year, which is a substantial difference. When inflation rates are kept under control and low, individuals benefit. According to this viewpoint, Rajan has also remarked that he has yet to meet an industrialist who doesn't want the price of oil to be reduced. Concluding thoughts Dosanomics is a fascinating economic theory that takes into account the effects of inflation on an individual's purchasing power. The theory was coined by Raghuram Rajan, who is a former governor of the Reserve Bank of India. Dosanomics advocates that high-interest rates during high inflation do not profit investors as much as low-interest rates. Furthermore, as investors, the most crucial thing to consider is the return. However, we may overlook other significant elements that are also at play. Likewise, the theory also explains how inflation may be a silent killer if it isn't recognized since it reduces purchasing power.

  • Coffee Can Investing Strategy for First-Time Investors: A Beginner's Guide

    Coffee Can Investing is a term used for a long-term, buy and forget investment strategy. The coffee can analogy refers to the days of the Old West when people would store their valuables in coffee cans to keep them safe. Today, this approach is still being used with great success by investors in the United States markets. Photo by Pixabay If you're a first-time investor and looking for a low-maintenance way to invest, coffee can investing may be right for you. This approach refers to buying stocks in companies that have a consistent track record of success. The coffee can portfolio was created by Robert Kirby in 1984 and has been successfully used in the US markets. In this article, I'll discuss what coffee can investing is, and how you can get started with this approach! What is the coffee can investing strategy and how does it work? The coffee can investing strategy is a long-term, buy-and-hold approach to investing. The concept behind coffee can investing is to find a diversified portfolio of companies that have performed well over time, and then hold onto those investments for at least ten years. This strategy gets its name from the Old West when people would store their valuables in coffee cans to keep them safe. Why coffee can investing may be a good option for first-time investors? There are several benefits to coffee can investing, especially for first-time investors. First, this strategy is relatively low maintenance. Once you have selected your portfolio of companies, you can simply let your investments ride and not worry about them too much. Second, coffee can investing can help you avoid some of the common mistakes that first-time investors make. For example, coffee can investing discourage selling investments after short-term losses, which can lead to missing out on long-term gains. Finally, this strategy forces you to take a long-term view of your investments, which can help you stay disciplined and avoid making impulsive decisions. How to get started with coffee can investing? If you're interested in coffee can investing, there are a few things you need to do to get started. Photo by Pexels First, you'll need to research companies that have performed well over time. This can be done by looking at stock market indexes, such as the S&P 500, or by speaking with a financial advisor. Once you've identified around 15-20 stocks that meet your criteria, you'll need to purchase stocks (shares) of those companies. You can do this through a broker or online trading platform. Finally, once you've purchased your shares, you'll need to hold onto them for at least ten years. This may seem like a long time, but it's important to remember that coffee can investing is a long-term strategy. Benefits of coffee can investing Rather than short-term gambling, this approach allows you to build long-term wealth with a comprehensive perspective. There are no additional fees, such as commission costs, taxes, or transaction expenses incurred. Because there is no need to check your investment portfolio on a regular basis, it saves you time and energy. Your investor sentiments are unaffected by short-term volatility or market fluctuations. Because of the power of compounding, the value of your assets grows over time. Risks of coffee can investing It's critical to pick the proper stocks, and you might lose your money if you don't. However, selecting securities for decades in today's changing climate is challenging. In the long run, not all equities produce multi-baggers. Your portfolio's performance is affected by sociocultural issues and regulatory changes. Even during a highly bullish market, you will lose the ability to sell your assets if you do not have an exit strategy in place. Concluding thoughts Coffee can investing is a long-term, buy-and-hold approach to investing that has been successfully used in the US markets for years. Passive investors who wish to generate significant wealth and keep their investments for at least ten years should invest in coffee can investing. However, it is critical to building a solid portfolio that can consistently produce multi-bagger returns in the long run. Also, keep in mind that you should diversify your portfolio by investing in stocks from many firms with various products and services.

  • Metaverse: The Future of Marketing?

    What is metaverse? Metaverse is a term used in the digital world to describe a virtual space that is composed of multiple universes. It can be thought of as an extension of the internet, where users can create and interact with various virtual worlds. For marketers, this could mean some very exciting possibilities! In this blog post, we will explore how metaverse could unlock new and innovative marketing experiences for businesses. Photo by julien Tromeur on Unsplash 7 things to know about metaverse role in marketing 1. Define your marketing goals Who are you trying to reach with your message? Are you attempting to gain a new audience, brand yourself, or build consumer loyalty? No matter what your marketing goals are, you should always keep them in mind when planning metaverse campaigns. 2. Find the right platform Experiment with a variety of platforms, but keep in mind that some attract young consumers who have limited purchasing power. 3. Design agile campaigns To reach new consumers, combine native advertising, immersive experiences, and real-world activations. Advertisers will need to design metaverse-specific experiences or sponsor already existing ones. Brands can also use metaverse data—collected from social media, internet of things devices, and other sources—to inform their marketing decisions. 4. Experiment with market models Adopting new platforms is a must. - the market for virtual goods sold directly to consumers' avatars is worth over $54 billion. In the metaverse, businesses can experiment with new market models, such as selling virtual goods to avatars or providing services that require an immersive experience. With the metaverse, businesses have a unique opportunity to engage customers in a more personal way. - Businesses can use the metaverse to create immersive experiences that allow customers to interact with products. 5. Partner up for new capabilities Take inspiration from individuals who are already using metaverse platforms. 6. Plan for risks to the brand In order to protect your brand's reputation, you should maintain strict standards of conduct during live events. 7. Rethink marketing success Discover how to take into account the metaverse's distinctive economics, such as promotional codes that may be used in real life. Concluding thoughts The metaverse offers businesses a unique opportunity to engage customers in a more personal way. Marketers should experiment with different platforms and designs to create immersive experiences that allow customers to interact with products in new and exciting ways. While there are some risks associated with marketing in the metaverse, they can be mitigated by taking into account the metaverse's distinctive economics and by maintaining strict standards of conduct. By rethinking marketing success, businesses can unlock the full potential of metaverse marketing.

  • Get a Head Start on Critical Thinking: 15 Minutes to Better Grasp Complex Concepts

    In a world where the answer to everything is just a Google search away, critical thinking skills are more important than ever. We need to be able to understand complex concepts and analyze information in order to make informed decisions. However, many of us don't have time to invest in long hours of studying. That's why I've put together this 15-minute guide to help you get a head start on critical thinking! Source: Photo by ANTONI SHKRABA on Pexels I have curated these concepts from the Twitter thread of Ankur Warikoo, Zain Kahn, and Gurwinder. The sources are available at the end of this post. 1. Spotlight effect We overestimate how much attention people pay to our words and appearance. 2. Third-person effect We think that others are more influenced by social media and mass media than we are. 3. Status Quo bias We tend to like things to remain the same; most of us regard change as a negative thing. 4. Survivorship Bias We believe that the accounts of those who survived are the whole truth. Because the "deceased" isn't around to tell their story. 5. Zeigarnik Effect Incomplete tasks are remembered more readily than completed ones. 6. Ikea Effect We place a higher value on things that we have created ourselves. 7. Pessimism Bias We frequently underestimate the likelihood of negative results. 8. Framing Effect We make different judgments from the same facts based on how they are presented. 9. Declinism We frequently believe that the past was superior to what lies ahead. 10. Sunk Cost Fallacy We put more money into things that have cost us something, even if the results are negative. 11. Gambler's Fallacy We believe that past events have an influence on future possibilities, even though they are unconnected. 12. Google Effect We often overlook items that we may locate with a quick Google search. 13. Curse of knowledge We assume that everyone else is aware of what we know. 14. Self-serving Bias Our shortcomings are contingent, but our achievements are the result of hard effort. 15. Fundamental Attribution Error We evaluate others on their personalities and actions, but we evaluate ourselves on the circumstances. 16. In-group favoritism We're more likely to agree with people in our group than those outsides of it. 17. Blind Spot Bias We don't believe we have any biases. However, we can sense it in others. 18. Social Proof People copy others when unsure how to act, outsourcing their decisions. People didn't want to use shopping trolleys when Sylvan Goldman created them because they appeared ridiculous. As a result, he paid actors to utilize trolleys in his shops, and everyone soon followed suit. 19. Twyman's Law The more important the data, the more likely it is to be incorrect. This is because mistakes and data manipulation are far more common than true significant (i.e. surprising) findings. Conversely, the more boring the data, the greater its trustworthiness. 20. Spotlight Effect We frequently feel as if everyone is watching our every move. The fact is that no one is paying greater attention to you than you are. People are too preoccupied with how they appear to others to be concerned about how you appear to them. 21. Relative Privation When something else is even worse, many people fall into the trap of discounting a problem. “How can you discuss X while Y is taking place?” So by this logic, how can anyone ever discuss anything other than the very worst thing in existence? 22. Expectation Effect What you anticipate to see is determined by what you believe you'll observe. 23. Shirky Principle Institutions will seek to preserve the problem they are intended to solve. It's the greatest method to assure their continuing existence and development. Planned obsolescence and other "industrial complexes" are examples of this (military, prison, pharmaceutical, etc). 24. Gibson's Law "For every Ph.D., there is an equal and opposite Ph.D." Anyone may discover a subject-matter expert that supports their point of view in legal and policy matters because having a Ph.D. does not necessarily make someone correct; it just makes them more adept at being incorrect. 25. Noise Bottlenecks We only learn 10% of what we read online, and 90% of it is worthless fluff: small talk, bait, and marketing. We're inundating our minds with distractions, which is drowning out the signal. As a result, we feel we're getting smarter as we get stupider. 26. Belief Perseverance Our views are like bricks in a masonry wall; they're supported by and rely on one another. To alter a belief, you must demolish all beliefs that have been built atop it. Because demolition is difficult to endure ( easier to live with an incorrectly constructed building), individuals will seldom allow that 1 brick to move. 27. Proteus Effect In virtual environments, people act like their avatars. A "sexy" appearance, for example, may lead to a person being more flirty. This suggests that humans' personalities are largely determined by social norms and expectations. 28. Narrative-Market Fit News and commentary are commodities, therefore they are influenced by market forces. The more a narrative fits a trend or satisfies strong consumer demand, the less likely it is to be genuine. 29. Fredkin's Paradox When there are many options to choose from, the more similar they appear to be, the less important they should have. As a result, we frequently spend the most time on the choices that matter least. 30. Cunningham's Law The most efficient approach to obtaining the correct answer on the internet is not to ask a question; instead, post the incorrect response because people are more interested in tearing others down than assisting them. 31. Ben Franklin Effect Getting someone to do you favour might make them like you since people's identities are a narrative they create for themselves, and if they're kind to you, they need to reconcile their conduct with their identity, thus implying that they like you. 32. Mismatch Theory Moths used to navigate by the moon, which was until the invention of electric lights when they have been led astray. Humans also evolved to be tribal, which was a successful strategy until the Digital Age, when we now act like ill-tempered goons on the internet. 33. Agent Detection For eons, it was more prudent to assume that something unusual was planned by intellect rather than that it resulted from nature. This kept us out of harm's way. As a consequence, we've evolved to believe anything unique is the result of planning. As a result, creationism and conspiracy theories have arisen. 34. Problem Selling Solvers look for problems and break them down into manageable parts. The opposite is done by problem-sellers (such as politicians and the media), who bundle many little issues together to create a formidable and frightening big problem. 35. Hyperbolic Discounting As things become more distant, they appear to be smaller. As a consequence, we are inclined to choose short-term gains over future ones, even though these short-term benefits are much less significant. 36. Generation Effect The greatest approach to learning anything is not to read about it, but to write about it. The process of explaining something enables one to connect the dots and memorize them far better than reading through them. 37. Guerrilla Information War The ages of conquest were characterized by the aggressor seizing land, but with the Digital Age, it is more effective to virtually seize minds. World War III has already begun, but it's not for the territory that people are fighting; rather, they're squabbling over authority. 38. Extended Cognition Our eyes have been transformed into optic nerves, relaying information to our new sense organs: phones and computers. We can now see considerably more, but we've also exposed ourselves to a predatory world by extending our nervous systems outside of ourselves. 39. 48-Hour Rule Our thoughts are in constant motion, and our declared opinions are frequently just flickering sparks of untamed creativity that we would disavow after a little thought. So, what if we had a 48-hour period to think about and change our words before being condemned? 40. Van Restorff Effect The likelihood of something standing out is higher. As a result, news stories that are most off-center with reality tend to be our most enduring representations of reality. 41. Trait Ascription Bias We perceive ourselves as having a flexible personality that adjusts to the circumstances, while others are seen as having a consistent personality. "I was in a jam and acted in an irrational manner," we might tell ourselves. He did it because that's just who he is, we may say. 42. Wittgenstein's Ruler The less you know about the measurer in comparison to the thing being measured, the less it measures the measured and the more it measures the measurer. E.g., if a stranger says that most people are leftists, this is a stronger indicator that he or she is a rightist. 44. Via Negativa We have a greater understanding of what is not than of what is, for example, we don't know if studying will make us an expert, but we do know that not studying will not. As a result, when you're unsure, go with the alternative of avoiding what you should not do rather than attempting to comply with all of your responsibilities. 45. The Fisher Protocol Many leaders are disconnected from the consequences of their actions. Roger Fisher proposed that officials implant the nuclear codes into a volunteer. To arm nukes, the President would have to personally murder the volunteer and confront reality. 46. Nocebo Effect When people believe a substance to be harmful, even chemicals that are safe may induce illness. According to a recent meta-analysis, most adverse effects of Covid jabs are not due to the vaccine itself, but rather due to people's fear of the vaccine! 47. Idiocy Saturation People who do not think before they post are able to publish more frequently than those that do. As a result, the typical social media post is dumber than the average social media user. When you're annoyed by Twitter morons, keep this in mind. 48. The Opinion Economy The rise of social media as a major mode of interaction has resulted in an overvaluing of opinions as a measure of character. We are increasingly defined by what we say rather than what we actually do, and words, unlike actions, are inexpensive and easy to fake. 49. Streisand Effect This is known as the paradox of censorship. In some circumstances, attempting to eliminate a concept may result in it becoming more popular instead. The most famous illustration of this phenomenon is the case of banned books and music albums that unexpectedly become very popular as a consequence of their prohibition. 50. The Lindy Effect The life of perishable items, such as food, decreases with time. The life of non-perishable objects, such as ideas, improves with time. Ideas that are most likely to survive 1,000 years into the future are the ones that have already existed for millennia. 51. Confirmation Bias We demand high-quality evidence for ideas that don't match our views, but we accept low-quality evidence for ideas that do. 52. Hick's Law The more alternatives you provide, the more difficult it is for a consumer to choose. This is why most businesses and now developing products with fewer options. 53. Brandolini's Law The amount of effort required to refute misinformation is orders of magnitude greater than the amount of effort required to generate it, which is why misinformation is so widespread on the internet. Concluding thoughts In just 15 minutes, you have learned how to better understand complex concepts and improve your critical thinking skills. By understanding the biases that we all naturally exhibit, we can make more informed decisions and arguments. Additionally, by knowing how to properly assess information, we can become less reliant on the opinion of others and develop our own worldviews. Sources: Ankur Warikoo Zain Kahn Gurwinder

  • The Reality of Metaverse in Aviation: Will It Replace Travel?

    The metaverse is often spoken about in the context of replacing travel, but is this really the case? There are many who believe that the metaverse will not only complement real-world trips but could also be used in exciting ways such as giving people the chance to experience a place virtually before they book. While there is no doubt that virtual reality can provide an amazing escapist experience, it seems that it will not be able to fully replace the desire – and even need – for travel. Photo by Bradley Hook on Pexels Who stands to gain the most from travel and the metaverse? First to benefit is Meta (previously Facebook). He is putting his money where his mouth is, laying down the gauntlet and defining our future. Second, as a result of the metaverse's ready availability, innovative brands and businesses are quick to produce goods and virtual experiences that can be sold. These brands have the money and resources to make the metaverse a reality. Third, are you and me – the people who want to travel and explore without spending a fortune or putting our lives at risk. Last but not least, advertisers. There will be a lot of opportunities to promote real-world items, journeys, airlines, and hotels in the virtual world - with the option of having 'click to book' built-in. Another significant step will be to incorporate crypto payments because bitcoin has not previously had a lot to spend – it's mostly being traded. Why are airlines investing in the Metaverse? The state airline of Dubai, Emirates Airlines, is the most recent entrant and has pledged $10 million to establish its trademark experience in the Metaverse. And it's not just them. All of the major airlines, including Singapore Airlines, Lufthansa, Qatar Airways, and Qantas are attempting to get a piece of the metaverse. Another example is Qatar Airways' recent presence in Metaverse. QVerse is a virtual reality application developed by the airline that allows customers to look inside the aircraft from the comfort of their own homes. The experience includes a virtual walkthrough of the premium check-in area, as well as a thorough presentation of the cabin. In addition, the airline launched the first Meta-human cabin crew, who will interact with consumers and offer virtual walks of both business and economy class. It's not anything new. These benefits have always been available. It's just the package as a whole. Some airlines are even looking at producing special edition Non-Fungible Tokens [NFT]. It might lead to a one-of-a-kind trip, such as a retirement aircraft flight, an exotic destination flight, or a flight dedicated to a cause. The significance is that the Metaverse has opened up a whole new digital economy. It is a way for airlines to increase ancillary revenue and at the same time, create loyalty among their customer base. What does this mean for travellers? The metaverse will give people the ability to trial-run a destination before they book – something that has been previously impossible. It will also provide opportunities for those with physical limitations to explore the world in a way that is not possible in the real world. However, it is important to remember that the metaverse is still in its infancy. While there are some incredible examples of what is possible, we are still a long way off from seeing widespread adoption. It will be interesting to see how the metaverse develops over the next few years and what impact it will have on the travel industry. Concluding thoughts The metaverse has the potential to revolutionize travel and bring about a whole new era of exploration. It will provide people with the ability to trial-run destinations before they book, as well as give those with physical limitations the opportunity to explore the world in a way that is not possible in the real world.

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