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  • Theoretical Framework vs. Conceptual Framework: What's the Difference and How to Use Them

    Theoretical and conceptual frameworks are important concepts in academic research. They provide the foundation for a research project and guide the researcher in developing research questions and hypotheses. In this video, the difference between the two frameworks is explained, as well as their connection to one another. Photo by Filipe Sabino Theoretical frameworks are sets of concepts, definitions, and propositions that form a structured view of a specific phenomenon. They are a carefully curated collection of existing theories, models, and frameworks that provide a foundation of core knowledge. Theoretical frameworks are presented early on in the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper. For example, if a research project aims to understand what factors contribute to people trusting investment brokers, a theoretical framework would be needed to define the concept of trust and identify existing theories related to the research aim. In other words, a theoretical framework provides a comprehensive overview of existing theories that establish a path for building arguments in your work. Researchers develop theories to comprehend phenomena, establish correlations, and make forecasts. A theoretical framework presents the established theories that endorse your research, highlighting the relevance of your paper or dissertation topic and establishing a firm foundation in established concepts. Related: How Literature Review Helps in Research Essentially, your theoretical framework validates and contextualizes your subsequent research, serving as a critical initial step for your research paper, thesis, or dissertation. A well-structured theoretical framework prepares you for success in the later stages of your research and writing process. On the other hand, conceptual frameworks are visual representations of the expected relationships and connections between various constructs or variables. They provide an opportunity for researchers to make explicit their understanding of how key constructs and variables are connected. A conceptual framework is often used to develop research questions and hypotheses based on the researcher's understanding of both theoretical literature and empirical research. In other words, a conceptual framework outlines the anticipated association between different variables, sets the objectives for the research process, and demonstrates how they converge to establish logical conclusions. The two frameworks are not mutually exclusive, and it is possible to include both in a dissertation or thesis. The theoretical framework provides a foundation of theory on which the study is built, while the conceptual framework visualizes the anticipated relationships between constructs and variables based on the researcher's understanding of the existing literature and the specific context and focus of the research. It is important for researchers to understand the difference between theoretical and conceptual frameworks to develop a strong research project. The theoretical framework lays the foundation for the study and ensures that the research is grounded in existing theories and models. The conceptual framework provides a visual representation of the relationships between constructs and variables and guides the development of research questions and hypotheses. In summary, the theoretical framework and the conceptual framework are closely related but serve different functions. The theoretical framework provides a foundation for the theory on which the study is built, while the conceptual framework visualizes the anticipated relationships between constructs and variables. It is important for researchers to understand the difference between the two frameworks to develop a strong research project.

  • Investing Rules to Follow: Building a Strong and Balanced Stock Portfolio

    Photo by Maxim Hopman on Unsplash Investing in the stock market can be a great way to grow your wealth over time, but it's important to follow a set of rules to maximize your chances of success. Here are some key rules to follow when building and managing your stock portfolio: Keep your portfolio diversified by holding a maximum of 15-20 stocks. This will help to balance out the risk across different companies and sectors. Allocate at least 4% of your total capital in stock and never invest more than 8% of your total portfolio in a single stock. This will help to spread your risk across different stocks and limit your exposure to any one company. Balance the risk in your portfolio by investing in a mix of stocks from different industries. Try to have a maximum of two stocks in any one industry and make sure they are opposite of each other in their business operations. For example, you could invest in a safe FMCG company like Unilever and a smaller (but profitable) company such as Marico. Avoid averaging out bad stocks. If you have a stock that is performing poorly, it's best to cut your losses and move on rather than trying to average it out. Focus on 5-6 sectors and never allocate more than 25% of your total portfolio to one sector. This will help to spread your risk across different sectors and limit your exposure to any one industry. If you're a moderate risk taker, invest the majority of your portfolio in blue chip stocks with low debt, as well as midcap and smallcap stocks. This will give you a mix of stability and growth potential. Consider investing 10-15% of your total corpus in gold. Gold is not dependent on a specific country and its prices do not fluctuate as much as other assets. Don't invest more than 4-5% of your total portfolio in any one stock. Instead, select a good mix of 20 stocks and stick to this rule. When picking a stock, focus on the cash flow rather than the PAT (profit after tax). Invest in companies that have high free cash flow on hand. Don't just sell a stock because the price has gone up. If your research tells you that the company has sound fundamentals and is doing well, continue to hold the stock. This can give you returns of 10X, 50X, or even 100X in the future. Remember that you make money by waiting and not buying or selling. Try to hold your stocks for a long period of time to maximize your returns. To cope with market fluctuations, consider building a portfolio that includes both bonds and stocks. When the stock market rises, sell some stocks and put the proceeds into bonds. Conversely, when the stock market falls, sell bonds and buy stocks. Look for large, undervalued companies that may have been overlooked by the market. These companies may have the capital and resources to ride out any economic downturns and regain profitability. Choose stocks with a P/E ratio lower than 25x. This will help you avoid overvalued stocks and focus on companies that are trading at a discount. Diversify your investments using portfolio theory, preferably with a portfolio of 50 stocks. This will help to spread your risk across different companies and sectors. Avoid herd behavior, overtrading, hot tips, and foolproof schemes. Instead, adopt a long-term investment strategy and stick to it. Consider using dollar-cost averaging as an investment method. This involves investing a fixed amount of money in a stock at regular intervals, regardless of the price. In conclusion, following these rules when investing in the stock market can help you to build a diversified and balanced portfolio that is well-positioned to weather market fluctuations and deliver strong returns over time. Remember to keep your portfolio diversified, balance the risk, focus on cash flow, and adopt a long-term investment strategy. By following these principles, you can increase your chances of success in the stock market and achieve your financial goals. Thank you for reading this post. I hope you found it informative and helpful. If you'd like to learn more about investing in the stock market and other financial concepts, please consider subscribing to our ScroogeMarketer newsletter.

  • Creating a Personal Moat: How to Build Unique Competitive Advantages in Your Career

    As you navigate your career, it's important to consider ways to set yourself apart from the competition. One effective strategy is to build a personal moat – a unique and accumulating competitive advantage that drives increasing, compounding value over time. Photo by Carl Heyerdahl on Unsplash There are several ways you can go about building your personal moat. One approach is to ask yourself what comes naturally to you, but may be more challenging for others. This could be a specific skill or knowledge area that you possess. In today's internet economy, there is a growing demand for professionals with rare and valuable skills. By honing in on something that you excel at, you can set yourself apart and become a valuable asset in your field. Another way to build a personal moat is to use the Ikigai framework. Ikigai, a Japanese concept that translates to "reason for being," helps individuals identify their unique passions and purposes in life. By finding the intersection of what you love, what you are good at, what the world needs, and what you can be paid for, you can discover your own personal Ikigai and use it as the foundation for building a strong personal moat. In addition to identifying your unique skills and passions, you can also build a personal moat by looking to the future and identifying areas that are likely to become more valuable over time. This could be a specific industry or technology that is on the rise or a skill that is not yet in high demand but is likely to become more sought-after in the future. By positioning yourself in these areas, you can build a strong foundation for long-term success. Exclusive relationships can also be a powerful tool for building a personal moat. This could be a strong network of professional contacts, a mentor or sponsor who can advocate on your behalf, or access to exclusive opportunities or resources. By leveraging these relationships, you can create a competitive advantage that is difficult for others to replicate. Finally, consider picking something that is legibly impressive or valuable but has no playbook. This could be a new approach to a problem, a unique perspective on an industry, or a creative solution to a common challenge. By breaking new ground and leading the way in your field, you can establish yourself as a thought leader and build a strong personal moat. Ultimately, the key to building a personal moat is to discover what comes naturally to you, get so good at it that others can't ignore you, and then leverage that to accrue social and financial capital. By following these strategies, you can create a competitive advantage that will serve you well throughout your career. Concluding thoughts Building a personal moat is a powerful way to set yourself apart in your career and create unique and accumulating competitive advantages. Whether it's identifying your unique skills and passions, positioning yourself in growing industries or technologies, leveraging exclusive relationships, or breaking new ground with innovative ideas, there are many ways to create a personal moat that will drive your success. Subscribe to ScroogeMarketer for more relevant content.

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  • Faculty Of Business | ScroogeMarketer | United Arab Emirates

    ABOUT ScroogeMarketer ScroogeMarketer blog is a helpful resource for anyone looking to learn more about business management. As a lecturer at Westford University College in the UAE, Tausif Mulla explains important business concepts, shares & reviews strategies, including tips & tricks of blogging. READ MORE Search Tausif Mulla 1 hour ago 7 min Get a Head Start on Critical Thinking: 15 Minutes to Better Grasp Complex Concepts Understanding complex concepts will never be easy. It takes time, patience, and a lot of practice. 0 Post not marked as liked Tausif Mulla 2 days ago 3 min The Reality of Metaverse in Aviation: Will It Replace Travel? The metaverse has the potential to revolutionize travel and bring about a whole new era of exploration. 0 Post not marked as liked Tausif Mulla 4 days ago 4 min Why Brands Need to Make You Smile and Laugh: The Importance of Humor in Purchasing Decisions Are you looking for ways to use humour effectively in your marketing? Learn more about the importance of humour, why it makes a difference. 0 Post not marked as liked

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